November 20, 2023 at 12:05 a.m.
Today In History

Today In History – November 20

November 20 is the 324th day of the year
Joseph "Joe" Robinette Biden Jr. is the 46th and current president of the United States. He was November 20, 1942 in Scranton, Pa.
Joseph "Joe" Robinette Biden Jr. is the 46th and current president of the United States. He was November 20, 1942 in Scranton, Pa.

There are many events that happened on this date in history. Here are just a few of them!

November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 41 days remain until the end of the year.

EVENTS

1776 – American Revolutionary War: British forces land at the Palisades and then attack Fort Lee. The Continental Army starts to retreat across New Jersey.

1789 – New Jersey becomes the first U.S. state to ratify the Bill of Rights.

1805 – Beethoven's only opera, Fidelio, premieres in Vienna.

1820 – An 80-ton sperm whale attacks and sinks the Essex (a whaling ship from Nantucket, Massachusetts) 3,200 kilometres (2,000 mi) from the western coast of South America. (Herman Melville's 1851 novel Moby-Dick was in part inspired by this incident.)

1900 – The French actress Sarah Bernhardt receives the press at the Savoy Hotel in New York at the outset of her first visit since 1896. She talked about her impending tour with a troupe of more than 50 performers and her plans to play the title role in Hamlet.

1901–present

1945 – Nuremberg trials: Trials against 24 Nazi war criminals start at the Palace of Justice at Nuremberg.

1947 – The Princess Elizabeth marries Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, who becomes the Duke of Edinburgh, at Westminster Abbey in London.

1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis ends: In response to the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, U.S. President John F. Kennedy ends the quarantine of the Caribbean nation.

1968 – A total of 78 miners are killed in an explosion at the Consolidated Coal Company's No. 9 mine in Farmington, West Virginia in the Farmington Mine disaster.

1974 – The United States Department of Justice files its final anti-trust suit against AT&T Corporation. This suit later leads to the breakup of AT&T and its Bell System.

1977 – Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement.

1985 – Microsoft Windows 1.0, the first graphical personal computer operating environment developed by Microsoft, is released.

1992 – In England, a fire breaks out in Windsor Castle, badly damaging the castle and causing over £50 million worth of damage.

1993 – Savings and loan crisis: The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his "dealings" with savings-and-loan executive Charles Keating.

2022 – The 2022 FIFA World Cup begins in Qatar. This is the first time the tournament will be held in the Middle East.

BIRTHS

1733 – Philip Schuyler, American general and senator (d. 1804)

1857 – Helena Westermarck, Finnish artist and writer (d. 1938)

1873 – Daniel Gregory Mason, American composer and music critic (d. 1953)

1900 – Chester Gould, American cartoonist and author, created Dick Tracy (d. 1985)

1914 – Emilio Pucci, Italian fashion designer and politician (d. 1992)

1925 – Robert F. Kennedy, US Navy officer, lawyer, and politician, 64th United States Attorney General (d. 1968)

1927 – Ed Freeman, American soldier and pilot, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 2008)

1927 – Estelle Parsons, American actress and director

1932 – Richard Dawson, English-American actor and game show host (d. 2012)

1939 – Dick Smothers, American actor and comedian

1941 – Oliver Sipple, U.S. Marine and Vietnam War veteran (d. 1989)

1941 – Dr. John, American singer and songwriter (d. 2019)

1942 – Joe Biden, American politician, 46th President of the United States

1956 – Bo Derek, American actress and producer

1968 – James Dutton, American astronaut

1971 – Joel McHale, American comedian, actor, and producer

1975 – Dierks Bentley, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1977 – Josh Turner, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor

1984 – Jeremy Jordan, American actor

DEATHS

1559 – Lady Frances Brandon, English noblewoman and claimant to the throne of England (b. 1517)

1591 – Christopher Hatton, English academic and politician, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1540)

1758 – Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish violinist and composer (b. 1694)

1764 – Christian Goldbach, Prussian mathematician and theorist (b. 1690)

1773 – Charles Jennens, English landowner and patron of the arts

1882 – Henry Draper, American doctor and astronomer (b. 1837)

1886 – William Bliss Baker, American painter (b. 1859)

1925 – Alexandra of Denmark, Queen of the United Kingdom (b. 1844)

1930 – Bill Holland, American track and field athlete (b. 1874)

1945 – Francis William Aston, English chemist and physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)

2015 – Keith Michell, Australian actor (b. 1926)

2015 – Jim Perry, American-Canadian singer and game show host (b. 1933)

2020 – Jan Morris, Welsh historian, author and travel writer (b. 1926)



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