September 13, 2023 at 8:47 a.m.
Today In History
Today In History – September 13
September 13 is the 256th day of the year
September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 109 days remain until the end of the year.
509 BC – The Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus on Rome's Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September.
1609 – Henry Hudson reaches the river that would later be named after him – the Hudson River.
1782 – American Revolutionary War: Franco-Spanish troops launch the unsuccessful "grand assault" during the Great Siege of Gibraltar.
1788 – The Philadelphia Convention sets the date for the first presidential election in the United States, and New York City becomes the country's temporary capital.
1791 – King Louis XVI of France accepts the new constitution.
1814 – In a turning point in the War of 1812, the British fail to capture Baltimore. During the battle, Francis Scott Key composes his poem "Defence of Fort McHenry", which is later set to music and becomes the United States' national anthem.
1862 – American Civil War: Union soldiers find a copy of Robert E. Lee's battle plans in a field outside Frederick, Maryland. It is the prelude to the Battle of Antietam.
1898 – Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film.
1899 – Henry Bliss is the first person in the United States to be killed in an automobile accident.
1948 – Margaret Chase Smith is elected United States senator, and becomes the first woman to serve in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the United States Senate.
1953 – Nikita Khrushchev is appointed General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1956 – The IBM 305 RAMAC is introduced, the first commercial computer to use disk storage.
1962 – An appeals court orders the University of Mississippi to admit James Meredith, the first African-American student admitted to the segregated university.
1964 – Martin Luther King Jr. addresses a crowd of 20,000 West Berliners on Sunday, in Waldbühne.
1977 – General Motors introduces Diesel engine, with Oldsmobile Diesel engine, in the Delta 88, Oldsmobile 98, and Oldsmobile Custom Cruiser models amongst others.
1985 – Super Mario Bros. is released in Japan for the NES, which starts the Super Mario series of platforming games.
1988 – Hurricane Gilbert is the strongest recorded hurricane in the Western Hemisphere, later replaced by Hurricane Wilma in 2005 (based on barometric pressure).
1989 – Largest anti-Apartheid march in South Africa, led by Desmond Tutu.
2008 – Hurricane Ike makes landfall on the Texas Gulf Coast of the United States, causing heavy damage to Galveston Island, Houston, and surrounding areas.
AD 64 – Julia Flavia, Roman daughter of Titus (d. AD 91)
1818 – Lucy Goode Brooks, Former American slave and a founder of Friends' Asylum for Colored Orphans (d. 1900)
1819 – Clara Schumann, German pianist and composer (d. 1896)
1851 – Walter Reed, American physician and biologist (d. 1902)
1894 – J. B. Priestley, English novelist and playwright (d. 1984)
1903 – Claudette Colbert, American actress (d. 1996)
1904 – Alberta Williams King, American civil rights organizer, mother of Martin Luther King, Jr. (d. 1974)
1911 – Bill Monroe, American singer-songwriter and mandolin player (d. 1996)
1916 – Roald Dahl, British novelist, poet, and screenwriter (d. 1990)
1918 – Ray Charles, American singer-songwriter and conductor (d. 2015)
1918 – Dick Haymes, Argentinian actor and singer (d. 1980)
1925 – Mel Tormé, American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1999)
1931 – Barbara Bain, American actress
1937 – Don Bluth, American animator, director, and producer, co-founded Sullivan Bluth Studios and Fox Animation Studios
1944 – Jacqueline Bisset, English actress and producer
1944 – Peter Cetera, American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer
1948 – Nell Carter, American actress and singer (d. 2003)
1951 – Jean Smart, American actress
1960 – Kevin Carter, South African photojournalist (d. 1994)
1961 – Dave Mustaine, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
1961 – KK Null, Japanese singer-songwriter and guitarist
1961 – Peter Roskam, American lawyer and politician
1964 – Tavis Smiley, American talk show host, journalist, and author
1965 – Annie Duke, American poker player and author
1969 – Tyler Perry, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1977 – Fiona Apple, American singer-songwriter, producer, and pianist
1977 – Ivan De Battista, Maltese actor, singer, director, and producer
1980 – Ben Savage, American actor
81 – Titus, Roman emperor (b. AD 39)
1409 – Isabella of Valois, French princess and queen of England (b. 1389)
1632 – Leopold V, Archduke of Austria (b. 1586)
1967 – Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden, Yemeni-Saudi Arabian businessman, founded Saudi Binladin Group (b. 1903)
1977 – Leopold Stokowski, English conductor (b. 1882)
1982 – Reed Crandall, American illustrator (b. 1917)
1987 – Mervyn LeRoy, American actor, director, and producer (b. 1900)
2001 – Dorothy McGuire, American actress (b. 1916)
2002 – George Stanley, Canadian soldier, historian, and author, designed the Flag of Canada (b. 1907)
2009 – Paul Burke, American actor (b. 1926)
2019 – Eddie Money, American musician (b. 1949)
2022 – Jean-Luc Godard, French-Swiss film director, screenwriter, and film critic (b. 1930)
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