September 16, 2023 at 11:38 a.m.
Today In History

Today In History – September 16

September 16 is the 259th day of the year


September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 106 days remain until the end of the year.

EVENTS

681 – Pope Honorius I is posthumously excommunicated by the Sixth Ecumenical Council.

1620 – A determined band of 35 religious dissenters – Pilgrims set sail for Virginia from Plymouth, England in the Mayflower, jubilant at the prospect of practicing their unorthodox brand of worship in the New World.

1701 – James Francis Edward Stuart, sometimes called the "Old Pretender", becomes the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland.

1779 – American Revolutionary War: The Franco-American Siege of Savannah begins.

1810 – With the Grito de Dolores, Father Miguel Hidalgo begins Mexico's fight for independence from Spain.

1863 – Robert College, in Istanbul, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.

1880 – The Cornell Daily Sun prints its first issue in Ithaca, New York.

1893 – Settlers make a land run for prime land in the Cherokee Strip in Oklahoma.

1908 – The General Motors Corporation is founded.

1959 – The first successful photocopier, the Xerox 914, is introduced in a demonstration on live television from New York City.

1961 – The United States National Hurricane Research Project drops eight cylinders of silver iodide into the eyewall of Hurricane Esther. Wind speed reduces by 10%, giving rise to Project Stormfury.

1966 – The Metropolitan Opera House opens at Lincoln Center in New York City with the world premiere of Samuel Barber's opera Antony and Cleopatra.

1970 – King Hussein of Jordan declares war against the Palestine Liberation Organization, the conflict came to be known as Black September.

1975 – Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia.

1979 – Eight people escape from East Germany to the west in a homemade hot air balloon.

1992 – Black Wednesday: The British pound is forced out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism by currency speculators and is forced to devalue against the German mark.

2004 – Hurricane Ivan makes landfall in Gulf Shores, Alabama as a Category 3 hurricane.

2019 – Five months before the COVID-19 stock market crash, an overnight spike in lending rates in the United States prompts the Federal Reserve to conduct operations in the repo market.

BIRTHS

1386 – Henry V of England (d. 1422)

1678 – Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English philosopher and politician, Secretary of State for the Southern Department (d. 1751)

1822 – Charles Crocker, American businessman (d. 1888)[13]

1846 – Anna Kingsford, English author, poet, and activist (d. 1888)

1875 – James Cash Penney, American businessman and philanthropist, founded J. C. Penney (d. 1971)

1877 – Jacob Schick, American-Canadian inventor and businessman, founded Schick Razors (d. 1937)

1893 – Alexander Korda, Hungarian-English director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1956)

1911 – Wilfred Burchett, Australian journalist and author (d. 1983)

1911 – Paul Henning, American screenwriter and producer (d. 2005)

1914 – Allen Funt, American director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1999)

1919 – Bill Daley, American football player and sportscaster (d. 2015)

1922 – Janis Paige, American actress and singer

1924 – Lauren Bacall, American actress (d. 2014)

1925 – Charlie Byrd, American singer and guitarist (d. 1999)

1925 – B.B. King, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (d. 2015)

1926 – Robert H. Schuller, American pastor and author (d. 2015)

1927 – Peter Falk, American actor (d. 2011)

1927 – Jack Kelly, American actor and politician (d. 1992)

1930 – Anne Francis, American actress (d. 2011)

1932 – George Chakiris, American actor

1943 – James Alan McPherson, American short story writer and essayist (d. 2016)

1944 – Linda Kaye Henning, American actress

1950 – Henry Louis Gates Jr., American historian, scholar, and journalist

1952 – Mickey Rourke, American boxer and actor

1956 – David Copperfield, American magician and actor

1963 – Richard Marx, American singer-songwriter and producer

1964 – Molly Shannon, American actress, comedian and producer

1979 – Flo Rida, American rapper, singer, and songwriter

1981 – Alexis Bledel, American actress

DEATHS

Pre-1600

307 – Flavius Valerius Severus, Roman emperor

655 – Pope Martin I

1087 – Pope Victor III (b. 1026)

1607 – Mary Stuart, English-Scottish princess (b. 1605)

1701 – James II of England (b. 1633)

1824 – Louis XVIII of France (b. 1755)

1932 – Millicent Lilian "Peg" Entwistle, British stage and screen actress (b. 1908)

1932 – Ronald Ross, Indian-English physician and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1857)

1933 – George Gore, American baseball player and manager (b. 1857)

1936 – Jean-Baptiste Charcot, French physician and explorer (b. 1867)

1940 – Charles Cochrane-Baillie, 2nd Baron Lamington, English-Scottish politician, 8th Governor of Queensland (b. 1860)

1992 – Millicent Fenwick, American journalist and politician (b. 1910)

1996 – Gene Nelson, American actor, dancer, and director (b. 1920)

2002 – James Gregory, American actor (b. 1911)

2003 – Sheb Wooley, American singer-songwriter (b. 1921)

2004 – Michael Donaghy, American-English poet and author (b. 1954)

2016 – Edward Albee, American director and playwright (b. 1928)

2021 – Jane Powell, American actress (b. 1929)



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