March 30, 2024 at 1:05 a.m.
Today In History

Today In History – March 30

March 30 is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years)
U.S. President Ronald Reagan
U.S. President Ronald Reagan

March 30 is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar; 276 days remain until the end of the year.

History archives contain over 200,000 events, birthdays and deaths from 6,000 years of history. Here is a roundup of a few of them:

EVENTS

1818 – Physicist Augustin Fresnel reads a memoir on optical rotation to the French Academy of Sciences, reporting that when polarized light is "depolarized" by a Fresnel rhomb, its properties are preserved in any subsequent passage through an optically-rotating crystal or liquid.

1822 – The Florida Territory is created in the United States.

1842 – Ether anesthesia is used for the first time, in an operation by the American surgeon Dr. Crawford Long.

1855 – Origins of the American Civil War: "Border Ruffians" from Missouri invade Kansas and force election of a pro-slavery legislature.

1856 – The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Crimean War.

1861 – Discovery of the chemical elements: Sir William Crookes announces his discovery of thallium.

1867 – Alaska is purchased from Russia for $7.2 million, about two cents/acre ($4.19/km2), by United States Secretary of State William H. Seward.

1870 – Texas is readmitted to the United States Congress following Reconstruction.

1900 – Archaeologists in Knossos, Crete, discover the first clay tablet with hieroglyphic writing in a script later called Linear B.

1965 – Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the United States Embassy, Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others.

1981 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan is shot in the chest outside a Washington, D.C., hotel by John Hinckley Jr.; three others are wounded in the same incident.

1982 – Space Shuttle program: STS-3 mission is completed with the landing of Columbia at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico.

2023 – Donald Trump becomes the first former United States president to be indicted by a grand jury.

BIRTHS

1632 – John Proctor, farmer hanged for witchcraft in the Salem witch trials (d. 1692)

1820 – Anna Sewell, English author (d. 1878)

1853 – Vincent van Gogh, Dutch-French painter and illustrator (d. 1890)

1904 – Ripper Collins, American baseball player and coach (d. 1970)

1905 – Archie Birkin, English motorcycle racer (d. 1927)

1913 – Frankie Laine, American singer-songwriter (d. 2007)

1914 – Sonny Boy Williamson I, American singer-songwriter and harmonica player (d. 1948)

1919 – McGeorge Bundy, American intelligence officer and diplomat, 6th United States National Security Advisor (d. 1996)

1929 – Richard Dysart, American actor (d. 2015)

1937 – Warren Beatty, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter

1945 – Eric Clapton, English guitarist and singer-songwriter

1948 – Eddie Jordan, Irish racing driver and team owner, founded Jordan Grand Prix

1964 – Tracy Chapman, American singer-songwriter and guitarist

1965 – Piers Morgan, English journalist and talk show host

1968 – Celine Dion, Canadian singer-songwriter

DEATHS

1472 – Amadeus IX, Duke of Savoy (b. 1435)

1587 – Ralph Sadler, English politician, Secretary of State for England (b. 1507)

1912 – Karl May, German author (b. 1842)

1955 – Harl McDonald, American pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1899)

1986 – James Cagney, American actor and dancer (b. 1899)

2002 – Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother of the United Kingdom (b. 1900)

2007 – John Roberts, Canadian political scientist, academic, and politician, 46th Secretary of State for Canada (b. 1933)

2013 – Phil Ramone, South African-American songwriter and producer, co-founded A & R Recording (b. 1934)

2013 – Edith Schaeffer, Chinese-Swiss religious leader and author, co-founded L'Abri (b. 1914)

2020 – Bill Withers, American singer-songwriter (b. 1938)

2021 – G. Gordon Liddy, chief operative in the Watergate scandal (b. 1930)



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